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Apparel Glossary Terms

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Acrylic - A manufactured fiber with a soft, wool-like hand, machine washable and dryable, excellent color retention.

Active Fit - Active Fit: A slightly trimmer cut than classic fit for a clean professional look, without excess bulk.

Adidas Hat Clip - A conveniently portable ball marker clips right to a cap or visor for golfers to mark their ball location when the ball has to be moved for instance to clear the path for another golfer.

Air Jet Spinning - A type of open end spinning that utilizes a stationary tube in which jets of air are directed to cause fibers to twist thereby forming a yarn. This process definitely influences the hand feel of the fabric while maintaining excellent resistance to pilling and abrasion.

Air Mesh - A mesh that has multiple layers to allow air to pass through the fabric.

Airjet Yarn - Cotton and polyester garments which provide for a virtually "pill free" look, wash after wash.

Allen Solley placket - A one-piece placket that's hidden after being sewn. This process utilizes the existing fabric for the outside placket face. This is an upscale placket type.

Anatomically correct straps 2 - Straps on a golf bag that are designed to fit the shape of a person's shoulders for maximum comfort. 2

ANSI - The American National Standards Institute establishes guidelines for safety; styles specifically meant to promote safety and visibility often are held to ANSI standards

Anti Microbial - Finishing process which protects against odor-causing bacteria.

Anti pill finish - The resistance of a fabric to form little balls on the surface due to abrasion during wear. This could be a natural feature of the fabric or due to applying a special finish to prevent pilling.

Anti-microbial (anti-bacterial) - Fabric that has either been chemically treated, or produced with a fiber that is inherently hostile to micro-organisms. Anti-microbial fabrics are resistant to, or inhibit the growth of organisms that can cause odors or deteriorate the fabric.

Antimicrobial - Special yarns or fabric finishes to control bacterial growth, prevent odors, and maintain garment freshness.

Applique - A separate, pre-cut piece of fabric that is decorated (or decorated and then cut), then applied to another piece of fabric, typically a garment.

Audio port - Item is constructed with access ports to accommodate personal audio device and headset.

Award jacket - A baseball-style jacket with contrasting striped trim.

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B-Dry Core - A category of Badger made out of 3.5-oz polyester with moisture-wicking and anti-microbial performance.

Back locker pad - An additional piece of material that is sewn on the back of a shirt beneath the collar. It is semi-circular in shape and is designed to add strength to the area of the shirt that will experience stress from being hung from its locker loop (see Locker Loop entry) or simply hung by its collar from a locker hook, etc.

Back Yoke - This is a piece of fabric that connects the back of a garment to the area across the back shoulders. A back yoke allows the garment to lie flat while following the contours of the body , ensuring correct drape and appearance

Badger Tech - A category of apparel of extremely soft fabric, as if ring-spun, combed cotton. All TECH performance is made out of a new 4.1-oz polyester and spandex performance fabric.

Ballistic nylon - A thick, durable, synthetic nylon fabric.

Banded self collar - A type of collar made of the same material as the shirt. The two basic kinds of this collar are the simulated, made of two pieces, or the true, made of four pieces.

Bar Tacks - A type of reinforcement stitching used in clothing to make sewn products stronger

Baseball shirt - A shirt style that features a crew collar, white body, and three-quarter-length raglan sleeves in a contrasting color.

Basket weave - A variation of the plain weave in which two or more threads are woven side by side to resemble a "basket" look. Fabrics have a loose construction and loose appearance.

Bedford Cord - A heavy fabric with a lengthwise ribbed weave, resembles corduroy

Besom pocket - Reinforced top seam found on the pockets of golf shirts. This reinforced top seam keeps the pocket in shape and more durable.

Bi-Swing Shoulder - A generous fit across the shoulder for ease of movement

Binding - A strip of material sewn or attached over or along the edge of something for protection, reinforcement or ornamentation.

Bird’s eye - A two-color fabric design associated with double-knit fabric.

Blanks - Undecorated items or apparel; also refers to "blank" goods.

Blind hem - A hem wherein only very tiny tack stitches appear on the fabric surface. Not always secure when sewn on knits, so may unravel after washing.

Breathable - When a fabric allows vapors to pass through its fibers.

Breeze Knit - Garment-washed cool knit. By garment washing, the cool knit gets a softer hand and reduced shrinkage.

Brim - A sun screen that goes all the way around a hat. An example would be a tennis hat.

Broadcloth - A close plain-weave fabric made of cotton, rayon or a blend of cotton or rayon with polyester.

BT5 - A category of Badger apparel made up of 6-oz., moisture-wicking and anti-microbial 100% poly performance fabric.

Buckram backing - Stiff fabric used to give shape and form to items like caps, belts, etc. Also used to stabilize embroidery edges.

Burnout - Usually a blended fabric (cotton/poly for instance) treated with a chemical to slightly dissolve one fiber in the cloth. The result is a sheer, lacy design often giving the fabric a vintage, worn-in feel. Because of this process, each garment is unique, and similar to tie-dyed or pigment-dyed fabric, there is often variations in the design and color. Examples of burnout tees are Canvas style 3601 and Bella style B8601.

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Cabretta Leather - A leather made from the skins of sheep that grow hair rather than wool, tougher than other sheepskins and used chiefly for gloves and shoes

Calendaring - Essentially an ironing process that adds sheen to the fabric by the use of heavy rollers (or calendars), pressure and steam heat.

Canvas - Strong, firm, heavyweight, and closely woven fabric. Usually made of cotton.

Cap sleeve - A very short sleeve that hangs over the shoulder but does not extend beyond the armhole on the underside, often used for ladies' fashion tees such as Anvil style 1441 or Bella style 8705

Carding - The manufacturing process of drawing out and arranging the cotton fibers in a parallel fashion while removing impurities in the fibers. Carding is less expensive and less labor intensive than combing cotton, but results in a slightly coarser texture.

Chambray - A plain weave fabric, usually of cotton or rayon, or a blend of these.

Chino Cotton - A coarse twilled cotton fabric used for uniforms and sometimes work or sports clothes.

Classic Fit - Classic Fit: A relaxed silhouette, straight cut throughout for conventional comfort and fit

Clean-finished placket - Typically the interfacings of plackets are raw or edged, which means they can look ragged or uneven, particularly on light-colored shirts. By cutting the interfacing in a rectangle, turning the edges under and fusing them in place, there is a straight placket with no raw edges. All that shows inside the shirt is the smooth edge.

ClimaCool - A registered adidas term used to describe products made of fabric that withstand wind and rain, and keep moisture off the body and in the atmosphere

Coach's jacket - Style of jacket, comparable to a basic windbreaker, with fold-over collar and slash pockets.

Color blocking - Merchandising and/or cutting term whereby a certain type or block of colors ends up in the same place every time on the finished garment.

Colorfast - The ability of a print to withstand repeated laundering and cleaning.

Combed cotton - Cotton yarn that has been combed to remove short fibers and to straighten or arrange longer fibers in parallel order.

Combing - A secondary cleansing process performed to remove additional impurities from the staple fibers after carding. This is a better, more refined cotton than carding.

Compacting - Process that compacts the space between fabric fiber pockets. This will prevent cotton shrinkage. Comprehension straps

Compression molded - A solid, pre-formed molded panel that is created using compression.

Constructed - A constructed cap has buckram backing.

Cool knit - A variation of pique that results in a different texture and surface appearance. It resembles a "waffle" pattern.

Corduroy - A durable woven cotton fabric that is often used in its medium-weight form for items such as shirts, slacks, jackets and trim. Its most recognizable characteristic is its lengthwise wales (also known as cords).

Cotton sheeting - Plain-weave cotton fabric, usually prelaundered, used for fashion sportswear. It's wrinkled to create crinkle cotton.

Cover stitched - Double - needle stitch that is used to secure seams while also lending a finished look. Cover stitching is often found around armholes and the cuffs common to knit shirts.

Cover-stitch - Double-needle stitch that is used to secure seams while also lending a finished look. Cover stitching is often found around armholes and the cuffs common to knit shirts.

COVERSEAMED - A finish in which two needles is used to create parallel rows of visible stitching. This can be found around the neck, armhole, waistband or wrist of a garment to create a cleaner, more durable finish.

Crestable panels - Panels that are available for custom branding.

Crew collar - A rounded, ribbed collar cut loose to the neck.

Crewneck - This type of collar is considered a "collarless" look on a shirt, which is characterized by a cuff like, rounded finish

Crinkle cotton - Wrinkled or puckered cotton obtained by cloth, construction or finishing. It is prelaundered and made from cotton finishing.

Crop top - A shirt style made to expose the midriff.

Cross cut - Fabric knit on a pique machine, which is altered slightly to provide a unique stitch. The face of the fabric is two-toned, which gives it a dimensional, textured look and feel. The garment stitching will have a horizontal appearance rather than a vertical one.

Cross grain - This term is used for heavyweight fleece fabric. The fabric is sewn between ribs or panels on the side part of the garment for extra thickness and durability.

Crown - The upper-most part of the cap of a hat that is sewn to either a hatband, brim or sweat band.

Cut - This refers to the number of needles per inch on a circular knitting machine. A machine with 22 needles per inch produces a 22-cut fabric. Higher cuts equate to finer fabrics.

CVC - Chief value cotton; used in some blends of t-shirts for a fine, smooth feel

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Dazzle - a lightweight fabric that easily allows the body to receive ventilation during physical activity. Dazzle fabric is distinguished by the pattern of tiny holes in the weave of the material. Often made of synthetic fibers as well as cotton/synthetic blends, the look of dazzle wear is usually somewhat sleek and shiny.

Debossed silicone - A stamped, soft silicone process versus a raised mold; this material is often used for colored bracelets

Denier - A scale for the density (largely related to thickness) of fibers in fabric. The higher the shown as denier, the thicker the fiber. For example, mesh athletic wear such as Badger's style B8529 use a lighter fiber (70 denier) for comfort and ease of movement, while UltraClub's Classic Briefcase style U1011 is made with thicker fibers (600 denier) for a stiffer fabric for durability and shape retention.

Denim - A basic or cotton or blended fabric with right- or left-hand twill constructions. The wrap is usually dyed blue with a white filing.

Deodorize - Deodorize is a treatment that provides resistance to apparel against odor/bad smell.

Digitize - To translate a graphic design or text into computer language (digital values) for output from computerized embroidery machines onto substrates.

Dimensional stability - Refers to the tendency of a garment to shrink or distort after washing. A garment that is dimensionally stable is one that is likely to maintain its intended shape through many washings.

Direct Dye - Direct dyes give bright shades but exhibit poor wash fastness. Various after-treatments are used to improve the wash-fastness of direct dyes, and such dyes are referred to as “aftertreated direct colors.

Divot Repair Tool - A useful tool for any golfer, this item is used to replace and mend any divots created in the grass with the swing of a club

Double Lines Hood - This is when additional fabric has been added inside the hood as a lining. This lining may be in a matching or contrasting colour and would give the garment additional warmth, a stylish look as well as enhanced performance.

Double-needle - A double row of stitching at the seam.

Draw cord - A cord or ribbon run through a hem or casing and pulled to tighten or close an opening or drawstring.

Drawcord - A cord or ribbon run through a hem or casing and pulled to tighten or close an opening or drawstring.

Drop seam - A seam that is cut and lays below the shoulder of the garment.

Drop tail - A design feature found in upscale products where the back of the garment is longer than the front, sometimes referred to as an "elongated" back.

Duck - This plain-woven cotton fabric is typically heavyweight and is very strong and durable. It is often used for apparel that gets heavy use, such as work clothes and kids wear.

DWR - A special finishing process to enhance longevity and effectiveness of water resistance (Durable Water Resistant)

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e.c.o - e.c.o Apparel made from organic, sustainable, renewable or recycled fibers.

Easy care - Fabric that can be restored to its original appearance after laundering with only a minimum of attention. Easy care fabric is virtually wrinkle- free when laundered.

eDry - Moisture wicking and UV protection knits made from natural cotton which are blended with the technical performance of polyester.

Egyptian Cotton - Cultivated in Egypt's Nile River Valley, this cotton is considered the best cotton in the world. The particular growing season gives the cotton the longest and strongest fibers, making it ideal for weaving into smooth, strong yarn. Commonly used in high-end towels and linens.

Embroidery - An embellishment of a fabric or garment in which coloured threads are sewn on to the fabric to create a design, company logo, special message, etc.

End on end - A weave in which the warp yarn (the yarn running lengthwise) alternates between two colors.

Enzyme wash - Washing process that uses a cellulose-based solution to obtain garments that appear to have been stonewashed or acid washed. The solution physically degrades the surface of the cotton fiber. The appearance and hand of the garment are identical to stonewashed and acid washed garments. However, the fabric surface is not damaged to the extent of a stonewashed or acid washed garment.

ePerformance - Polyester fabrics provide comfort with moisture wicking and antimicrobial properties, plus UV or snag protection.

EVA molded - A type of foam with softness and flexibility that yet can be processed like other thermoplastics. The material has good barrier properties, low-temperature toughness, stress-crack resistance, hot-melt adhesive waterproof properties and resistance to UV radiation for maximum durability.

Expandable collar - The top button of a woven shirt is attached to an elastic band hidden under the fabric. This adds some stretch when buttoning the top button for more comfort on larger necks.

Eyelets - Small holes generally finished with stitches or brass grommets

EZ Away System - Item features detachable element such as liner jackets, hoods, sleeves, or shoulder straps.

EZE Pack System - EZE Pack System, Item is designed to fold away compactly into its own pocket.

EZE-Custom - Garment is part of our EZE-CUSTOM program. To discover what is possible, contact us.

Ezem system - Garment is designed to allow easy embroider access

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50/50 - 50 percent cotton/50 percent polyester fabric; also referred to as "polycotton".

Fabric memory - A term used for cotton fabric. When washing instructions are followed, it will always come back looking as if it were brand new.

Face yarn - The exterior yarn of a fleece garment.

Fine Gauge Knit - Ensures a smoother hand and fabric surface, allowing for better print.

Flat Knit - Welt knit fabric made on a flatbed-knitting frame as distinguished from tubular knit made on a circular frame.

Fleece - A fabric with a pile or napped surface, sometimes of a unit construction; commonly used in sweats.

Football jersey - A jersey shirt with a slight v-neck, stitched yoke and one-half-length to three-quarter-length sleeves.

Forward shoulders - The positioning of shoulder seams so they don’t lie directly across the top of the shoulders. Rather, the seams lie slightly forward. This prevents the neck from falling backwards, making an uncomfortable fit for the wearer.

Fused lining - A lining that is fused to the two outer plies with solvent, heat and pressure. It's used to stabilize or stiffen parts of a garment, such as a pocket or collar.

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Gabardine - A firm hard-finish durable fabric, twilled with diagonal ribbon

Garment Dyed - A fabric is dyed after soaking it in a colored solution so that it takes a new color, sometimes it is permanently and sometimes temporary.

Garment wash - Process of industrially washing garments after they have been manufactured to remove sizing; it also softens and pre-shrinks.

Garment washed - After a garment is sewn it is washed to cut down on shrinkage and add softness to the garment.

Golf Winter Polo Cap - Golf Winter Polo Cap

Grommet - An eyelet of firm material to strengthen or protect an opening.

Gusset - Triangular inserts in sleeve seams to widen and strengthen.

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Hand - Quality or characteristic of fabrics perceived by sense of touch, e.g. softness, firmness, drapeability, fineness (i.e. its tactile qualities).

Hanger appeal - A retail term meaning very marketable or very appealing to a retail market; as in "looks appealing on the hanger"

Heat-seal label - Tagless labels; the information displayed on a label is heat stamped or printed onto the garment to avoid an itchy attached label. (Badger, adidas and UltraClub are three examples of brands that do this)

Heather - A yarn that is spun using pre-dyed fibers. These fibers are blended together to give a particular look. (For example, black and white may be blended together to create a gray heathered yarn.) The term, heather, may also be used to describe the fabric made from heathered yarns.

Heavyweight - Fabric heavier than 10 ounces per linear yard, equal to 1.60 yield. Standard weight in the industry is 8 ounces (2.0 yield) or lighter.

Henley style - Shirt featuring a banded neck and button placket; may be ribbed.

Herringbone - A decorative pattern of rows of slanted parallel lines alternating direction row by row.

High cotton - Type of cotton fabric that results in a soft hand. Therefore, it has little or no lint and a tighter knit, which makes for ideal screen printing.

High profile - Determines the look of a cap. A high-profile cap's arch begins at 3 inches.

Honeycomb pique - A knit fabric that is characterized by a wider waffle-like appearance, which actually allows the wearer more comfort.

Hook and loop closure - Hook and Loop closure has gripping texture to fasten two tabs together.

Hounds tooth - Another variation of the twill weave, this one produces a broken-check pattern when woven with two different yarn colors.

Hydrophilic or Hydrophilic finish - Hydrophilic fibers absorb water easily, often used in moisture-management styles to aid in wicking and quick evaporation of perspiration

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Indigo dyeing - Indigo dye is a substance taken from the indigo plant. There are many chemical imitation indigo dyes. Indigo dye color can only be achieved through a process of dyeing where yarn is dipped into a dye bath and is then allowed to oxidize. The number of dips determines the depth of the indigo color-the more dips, the darker the color.

Inseam - An inseam is the inner seam on the legs of a pair of pants.

Inter Active System - Inter Active System, Garment features internal connection to be inter-changeable with other interactive garments.

Interfacing - A stiff material that is placed between two pieces of fabric to add shape to certain areas of garment. It’s often used in the collars and plackets of shirts made of woven fabric.

Interlock - A fine-gauge knit fabric produced by interlocking or interlocking stitches on a circular knit machine. Similar to a jersey, except both front and back of fabric look identical. Interlock is a variation of rib knit construction. The fabric is extremely soft, firm and absorbent.

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Jacquard knit - Dyed yarn knit on sophisticated equipment to produce a desired pattern and/or texture.

Jaspe pique - Two color yarns create subtle tone variations on the surface of the fabric. This will allow exceptional embroidery surfaces.

Jersey - A type of fabric with a flat appearance, knit on a circular, single-knit machine; its principal distinction is that it is not a fabric with a distinct rib.

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Kasha-lining - A lining principally for jackets featuring cotton flannel, napped face and imitation chambray back.

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Lap shoulder - An infant's shirt where the back panel or body parts overlap the front panel at the neckline where the set-in sleeves start.

Linear - a form of measurement of fleece's weight. The higher the number, the heavier and warmer the fabric.

Lisle - high-quality cotton yarn made by plying yarns spun from long, combed staple.

Locker loop - A self-fabric loop sewn into the center of the back yoke seam for a functional styling detail.

Logo - An artistic interpretation of a company's sign or symbol. These figures can be copyrighted or trademarked. Permission is needed for duplication.

Low profile - Determines the look of a cap. A low-profile cap's arch begins at 2 to 3 inches.

Lyocell - A fabric made from wood pulp. Tencel is a well-known brand name of this fabric.

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MAG pockets - Magnetic access pockets.

Marbled - A texture that involves a body color with contrasting highlight flecks on the surface. These flecks give the garment a heather-like appearance.

Mercerization - A process that eliminates all of the small "hairs" of yarn, which adds to its luster. This yarn is then additionally run through a caustic solution, which further smoothes and adds gloss to the yarn surface by burning off additional fabric hairs.

Microfiber - Very fine fibers, which give a unique appearance and soft hand. Microfiber fabrics are generally lightweight, resilient and resist wrinkling. They have a luxurious drape and the body retains its shape and resists pilling. They are also very strong and durable.

Mid profile - A term used for a cap or hat silhouette that is between that of a high profile and low profile. Most often lined with a stiff material of some sort (called buckram) for structure and to retain shape.

Mock turtleneck - A shortened version of the turtleneck where the neck of the garment does not fold over.

Modern Fit - A sleek, modern silhouette featuring an athletic inspired shape.

Moisture wicking - Moisture-wicking fabric actually draws moisture from perspiration away from the skin to the surface of the garment where it can evaporate more quickly and easily. Moisture-wicking styles, such as the UltraClub Cool & Dry line, are ideal not just for athletes and teams, but also for general wear because they help keep the wearers feeling fresh and dry

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Nailhead woven - Consists of a solid background and color and little pinheads' (or small nailheads) of fabric spaced at regular (and very small) intervals. The effect of this pattern is that the background color tends to overshadow the nailhead pattern.

Neoprene - A synthetic rubber that is resistant to oils and aging

NuBlend fleece - A three-end fleece made of 50% cotton and 50% polyester with an anti-pilling surface.

Nubuk - A synthetic leather with its finished surface buffed to a slight nap or suede-like appearance.

Nylon - Nylon has high strength and excellent resilience, superior abrasion resistance and high flexibility

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100% Polyester - Polyester has the highest strength to crease resistance, retains its shape, has excellent resiliency, high abrasion resistance and requires only minimum care. Low absorbency allows this fiber to dry quickly.

15-39 UPF - Fabric construction or finish provides sun protection with rating of 15-39 UPF (Ultraviolet Protection Factor).

One-ply yarn - One strand of thread is used to form the yarn that is woven into terry loops.

Open-end yarn - A process that eliminates some manufacturing steps needed for ring-spun yarn. This cost-saving process is passed on to the garments produced.

Ounces per sq. yd - A measurement of fabric weight, a weight that customers usually ask for when making a comparison to competitive brands.

Oversized - When a garment is intentionally cut larger than the standard size.

Oxford - Soft, somewhat porous, cotton shirting weave that creates a soft, nubby texture.

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Panel/piece program - When a manufacturer sends out unfinished pieces of a garment or other item to be embroidered before it is sewn into the finished product.

Peach finish - A soft hand (feel) usually obtained by sanding the fabric lightly; it can be achieved with chemical or laundry abrasion.

Pearlized Buttons - Buttons that have a pearl- colored button hue.

Perfect Fit - Perfect Fit: Our exclusive ladies’ collection, Thoughtful designs that flatter every size and shape without any clinging in the wrong places.

Peruvian Pima Cotton - Peruvian Pima Cotton is often referred to as the "cashmere of cotton" the softest, smoothest, "silkiest" fabric you can wear. Shrinkage standard for Peruvian Pima fabrics is a maximum of 5 x 5 if the garment is washed following directions on the label.

Peruvian Pima Cotton - Peruvian pima cotton is the world's finest pima, prized for its exceptional softness and brilliant luster, as well as its durability.

PET recycled polyester - P.E.T. (polyethylene terephthalate) refers to a specific type of plastic often used in plastic bottles. In a 7-step process, bottles are reclaimed and made into polyester fabric. This fabric is used, for instance, in Anvil's style 450.

PFD - Prepare for dyeing. It indicates that the garment has been specifically prepared for the garment-dyeing process.

Piece dying - Fabrics that are dyed solid colors after they have been woven or knitted, but before they are sewn into a garment.

Pigment dyeing - A class of dye used on cotton or poly/cotton. Neon or fluorescent colors are done with pigments. Dyers also do a distressed look using pigments. Pigments have the least degree of fastness of all the dyes, but create the brightest colors. Pigment dyes will typically stay in the pastel range unless it's neon. You cannot deepen color with a pigment.

Pima cotton - High-quality yarn made by plying yarns spun from long combed staple.

Pinnies - Sleeveless jerseys, often used in soccer or lacrosse practice. Pinnies are often two-color, reversible vests to help a practicing team know who the opposing players are.

Pinpoint oxford - Two fine yarns that are wrapped together for a fine and luxurious hand.

Piping - A narrow tube of fabric, sometimes enclosing a cord, used for trimming seams and edges as an added fashion detail.

Pique - A knit fabric that is characterized by its waffle-like appearance.

Placket - The construction that forms the opening in the front of the shirt, allowing the wearer to put it on and take it off with ease.

Plain weave - Simplest, most common of all basic weaves. The surface provides a smooth surface for printing.

Plastisol - A printing ink most commonly used on garments that contain a plasticizer and resin and will not air dry or air cure.

Polar fleece - Knitted using 100% fine denier polyester yarns. The pile is napped on the front and back to promote a very soft hand with exceptional loft. This is a fine denier knit that also allows the fabric to dry quickly.

Poly viscose - A synthetic material similar to rayon, made of 65% polyester/35% viscose that creates a lightweight, soft hand fabric that's particularly popular in retail markets.

Polyester - A manufactured fiber introduced in the early 1950s, having high strength, excellent resiliency, high abrasion resistance, and rapid drying

Polynosic - A type of microfiber that is a blend of polyester and rayon fibers and having a soft finish.

Poplin - A medium-to-heavyweight unbalanced plain weave. It is a spun yarn fabric that is usually piece dyed.

Powder dyeing - Process that allows polyester to blend with cotton to give a garment a dyed appearance. Powder dyed garments ensure consistent color, wash after wash.

Preshrunk - Fabrics that are preshrunk (usually cotton) are more likely to retain their shape and size because, before the garment is manufactured, the fabric is subjected to a shrinking process to reduce the amount of shrinking during laundering

PrintPro - Fleece fabric construction with a two-end yarn system that allows for an increase in the amount of stitches per square yard.

PU construction - A synthetic split leather with a layer of polyurethane applied to the surface and then embossed.

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Quarter turned - An additional manufacturing process where the mill rotates 1/4 of a turn to put a crease on the side of the product rather then the front of the product.

Quick dry - Quick Dry means that this product will restore its dryness rapidly.

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Raglan - A raglan sleeve is stitched under the arm and in two parallel lines leading from the armpit to the neck; it makes for ease of arm movement.

Ramie - A strong, staple fiber of cellulose yielded by the inner bark of the ramie plant. It's often used as a less expensive substitute for linen or cotton, and is usually blended with cotton, flax or silk.

Reactive dye - Special dye used on a garment which produces, when the label's wash instructions are followed, a more set-in color tone.

Reflective - Reflective trims offer night time visibility and increase safety.

Reinforced box - A square sewn at the bottom of a placket to add strength to that area.

Resin treatment - The addition of thermosetting resins applied in the finishing process, used to control the shrinkage of a fabric and add durable press characteristics.

Reverse Applique - Fleece Applique Applied by facing inner side of fleece on front

Reverse weave - A popular fabric in athletic sweatshirts; for example, many Champion sweatshirts are made with the grain of the fabric running sideways instead of vertically, and includes side panels to help maintain its shape and fight shrinking

Reversible - Garment can be reversed to wear on the opposite side.

Rib - A stretchy fabric normally used for trim. This stitch is formed by two sets of needles at right angles to each other. The face of the fabric appears to be the same as the backside.

Rib Knit - A textured knit fabric that employs the rib stitch and has the appearance of vertical lines. The ribs can be of any width. It is highly elastic and retains its shape.

Ring-spun yarn - Yarn that is reproduced on ring frame equipment. This yarn produces a softer hand when knit.

Ringer tee - A shirt, usually white bodied, featuring ribbed crew neck and sleeve bands in a contrasting color.

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600-Denier - This is standard for measuring density.

Safety - Garment is constructed with high visibility fabrics to increase job site safety.

Sand Wash - The process of washing fabric or garment with sand to soften and distress the look of the fabric

Sandwich hat - A hat where there is contrasting trim between the upper and lower part of the visor.

Scoop neck - A rounded neck, larger than a crewneck, but smaller than a boatneck.

Seam Sealed - Specific seams are fused with waterproof tape to prevent moisture penetration.

Seamless collar - A collar that is knit in a circle and is set in circular. There are no joining seams on the collar, found in better-made t-shirts.

Self fabric collar - A collar that is constructed from the same material as the body of the garment.

Service - Garment is designed to be easy care and withstand the rigors of the service industry.

Set-in sleeve - A style of sleeve that is sewn into the shoulder, as opposed to the neck.

Set-on - A separate piece of fabric, making the placket, is sewn onto the shirt.

Shawl - A turned-over, continuous collar that drapes down slightly in the front.

Sheared - Refers to the towel's finish. A sheared surface is created clipping the loops on one side of the towel. Sheared terry is often referred to as having a velour finish. The shearing process creates a plush and smooth finish, which is great for printing or embroidery. The weight of the fabric has a big impact on the overall appearance of the shear. A heavier weight fabric enhances the velour appearance because there is more material to shear.

Shearling - Traditionally a sheepskin shorn close for a uniform length of wool fibers; a synthetic production of similar fabric for added moisture-wicking properties for year-round comfort.

Sheering - The minimal gathering where the fabric meets, creating a flowy, draping quality.

Sheeting - A plain-weave cotton fabric usually made of carded yarns.

Sherpa - A knitted terry fabric that has been brushed and washed to raise the fibers for a fluffy, plush feel. The thick terry loops stay soft and absorbent over time.

Shoddy - Clippings of extra fabric from the production of tees is gathered, sorted by color, then processed into a pulpy material called shoddy. This material is then respun into yarn and used to create recycled apparel.

Shrinkage - The change in length and/or width dimensions of a garment when subjected to specified conditions

Side seams - Seams that join the front and back together. This feature is not found on T-shirts and some placket shirts.

Side vents - Slits in the bottom side seams of a shirt. (See drop tail)

Single-needle - A stitch, requiring a single needle and thread, characterized by its straight-line pathway. A single-needle shoulder seam has been finished with a visible row of stitching, single needle, for additional reinforcement and fashion.

Slub yarn - When "slub" yarn is spun it forms intermittent lumps in the yarn. The lumps, called "slubs," appear thicker than the surrounding yarn when it is knit into fabric. It gives a burnout like appearance without the transparency and easier printability.

SNAG Protection - Fabric is specially engineered to provide protection against snagging.

Snag Resistant - A fabric constructed to resist snagging, ripping, threading, etc., when rubbed against a rough surface. Snag resistant fabric is extremely durable for repeated wear.

Solera polyester - Polyester derived from corn, an eco-friendly material

Sonic weld logos - A type of logo treatment, where the graphic is applied without the use of stitches. A direct injection of material is applied to the fabric to create the logo.

Spandasol - An additive placed in printing ink to allow the dried ink design to stretch with the fabric (should be added to ink when printing on "burn-out" styles like Canvas 3601)

Spandex - A manufactured elastomeric fiber that can be repeatedly stretched over 500% without breaking, and will still recover to its original length

Staff bag - A style of bag used on the PGA Tour and other professional tours.

Stain Resistant - A fiber or its property to resist against spots and stains

Standard Athletic Team Colors - Standards for all primary team colors to better control uniform standards; used to ensure consistency across product lines

Staple - The actual length of a cotton fiber.

Stonewash - A finishing process that creates a distressed appearance, including a softer texture, puckering at the seams and slight wrinkling. Garments are tumbled together with stones (usually pumice stones) in larger washers. This process is usually applied to indigo-dyed denim garments. Different sizes of stones can be used and length of washing time can be varied to achieve different effects.

Stretch - Fabrics are engineered to stretch, providing added comfort and flexibility.

Sublimation transfer - Method of subliming a dye pattern, through the use of heat, onto polyester fabric from a paper carrier.

Sueded fleece - A very smooth and luxurious fleece that is made with an 80/20 cotton and polyester blend; a unique finishing process wherein the fabric is gently "sanded," which causes the fleece to become very soft.

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2 Layer Bonded - 2 Layers of fabric bonded together, or 1 fabric layer is bonded to a breathable & waterproof membrane.

3 Layer bonded - 3-layer fabric construction is where a waterproof and breathable membrane is bonded between 2 fabrics.

Taffeta - A crisp plain-woven lustrous fabric of various fibers used especially for women's clothing

Tagless label - This describes a method of labeling that has the brand and size information printed directly on to the inside back neck of a garment.

Tamped Seams - Specific seams are fused with reinforcement tape to prevent distortion and keep seams crisp.

Taped Seam - Stripped fabric or finishing tape that is sewn over a seam for added durability and comfort . In outerwear, taped seams aid in waterproofing

Taping - A design feature whereby a piece of fabric is used to cleanly cover a seam. The term is used when referring to shoulder-to-shoulder taping.

Taslan - 100% nylon fabrication with a water-resistant coating that has been woven as a twill and washed to provide a soft hand.

Team Wear - Item is part of a larger team wear assortment

Tearing Strength - The force required to tear a bag.

Tencel - A fiber made from wood pulp. Tencel gives fabric a very soft, smooth and luxurious hand.

Test - Test

Thermoplastic - A plastic that is soft and pliable when heated without any change of the inherent properties.

Tipping - A dyed stripe in a contrasting color, often around the collar or sleeve hems of a polo to add a unique accent to the shirt's fashion.

Tour Preferred - TaylorMade's top level product.

TPR rubber - A specific form of rubber used on logos.

Triblend - A fabric made from 3 types of material (e.g. Bella B8413)

Tricot - A plain warp-knitted fabric of nylon, wool, rayon, silk, or cotton with a close elastic knit. Often used in athletic jerseys or as a lining material.

Tubular knit - A golf shirt style with no side seams. The bottom is rounded all around.

Turtleneck - A tubular (some have seams in the back), close-fitting collar that covers the neck. Because of its length, it is worn either turned over or scrunched down on the neck.

Twill - Characterized by a diagonal rib. Twill weaves are used to produce a strong, durable, firm fabric.

Two-ply yarn - Two strands of thread are used to form the yarn that is woven into terry loops.

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Unconstructed - An unconstructed cap has a relaxed fit without backing. It fits closely to the wearer's head.

Unstructured/Unconstructed - When there is no buckram backing in the crown of a cap. The cap only has shape when placed on the head and fits closely to the wearer's head.

UPF - Ultraviolet protection factor; refers to the amount of UV rays blocked by the fabric with a rating of UPF 50 blocking 100% of UVA and UVB rays. UPF and SPF ratings are not interchangeable.

UTK - Unique Thermal Komfort

UTK cool.logik™ - Unique Thermal Komfort cool.logik™ Providing comfort for warmer conditions

UTK1 - UTK1 (Unique Thermal Komfort) offers Regular-Warm

UTK2 - UTK2 (Unique Thermal Komfort) offers Mid-Warm

UTK3 - UTK3 (Unique Thermal Komfort) offers High-Warm

UV Protection - Fabric construction or finish provides sun protection.

UV Protection 40+ UPF - Fabric construction or finish provides sun protection with rating of 40+UPF (Ultraviolet Protection Factor).

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V-neck - Collar that is cut in the shape of the letter "V".

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Water epellent -

Water repellency - The ability to resist penetration by water. Not as rigorous a standard as waterproofness. Water repellent fabrics cause water to bead up on their surfaces while allowing insensible perspiration to pass through. Water beads up and rolls off a water-repellent fabric.

Water Repellent - when a fabric is air - permeable, but blocks the passage of liquid to a certain degree. Fabrics are treated with a type of finish to achieve this effect. Like waterproof fabric, it is very difficult to print on this type of fabric.

Water resistant - A treatment to fabric that actually allows water to "bead" and fall off a garment.

Waterproof/breathable - Ability to keep water from penetrating but permits water vapor to pass through. There are over 200 fabrics of this type available today, offering a varied combination of waterproofness and water vapor permeability.

Waterproofness - The ability of fabric to withstand penetration by water. Conventional waterproof fabrics are generally coated with chemicals or laminated with a film that closes the pores in fabric. (See waterproof/breathable).

Weather resistant - A loose term referring primarily to a fabric's wind-resistant and water-repellent properties. Water-resistant fabrics are those that resist the penetration of water. The greater the force of impact as the water hits the fabric surface, the greater the likelihood that it will penetrate the fabric.

Weight (also known as yield) - Expressed in terms of ounces per square yard of fabric. Generally, fabrics weighing less than 4 oz. are considered lightweight, while medium weight is from 4 to 5 oz. and heavyweight is 5 to 6 oz. (although these weight categories vary from fabric to fabric).

Welt cuffs - Cuffs on short sleeve garments formed from a single ply of ribbed fabric with a finished edge. Fabric for welt cuffs is knit in a bolder stitch construction than that of standard 1 x 1 ribs.

Wind Proof - The ability of a fabric to shut out wind or air.

Window pane - A checkered, plaid like pattern that is characterized by having vertical and horizontal lines that intersect, creating the appearance of a window pane.

WindPro - Tested perforated umbrellas.

Windsmart Technology - Garment constructed with a wind barrier for maximum wind resistance.

Work Wear - Garment is designed with trade in mind, featuring durable construction and long-lasting fabrics.

Woven - Fabric constructed by the interlacing of two or more sets of yarns at right angles to each other.

Wrinkle Resistant - Permanent press shirting fabrics resist wrinkles and hold their shape, wash after wash.

Wrinkle-free - The basic process for imparting the wrinkle free finish into fabric involves applying a resin into the fabric, drying and curing at extremely high temperatures to the desired dimension, scouring to remove any residual chemicals, and final drying. The application and curing of wrinkle-free may occur before or after the garments are produced. "Precured wrinkle-free" means that the finish has been applied to the fabric before the garment has been manufactured. Because the "postcure wrinkle-free" means that the finish has been applied after the garment has been manufactured and because the "postcure wrinkle-free" process is set into the final, pressed garment, it is more popular.

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Yarn-dyed - Dyeing that occurs at the yarn stage, before it is made into fabric.

Yoke - Contoured portion of a garment, usually at the shoulder or hip.

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